He talked about it's attributes as far as being used for bio-fuel, however, his talk about switchgrass as a cattle forage is what really got my attention. Valuable as livestock forage, wildlife habitat, erosion control and biofuel source. INTRODUCTION Switchgrass is a native, warm season, perennial, bunch grass with attributes that make it valuable for conservation plantings, livestock forage, and biomass energy production (Vogel 1996, Ball et al., 2002). Hancock’s Cattle Pasture Grass Seed Mixture has a wide adaptability of soil conditions from Georgia clay type to Florida sandy loam. They graze their cattle on KT-31 fescue, volunteer dallasgrass and, as of the last few years, switchgrass. This publication details strategies for planting, establishing and managing stands of switchgrass. It’s one of the dominant species of the tallgrass prairie, and can grow up to six feet tall. Switchgrass has also been tapped as forage for beef cattle. Hubbard] provide forage during summer when cool‐season grasses in the southern Corn Belt are unproductive. Each of these forage types can meet the nutritional requirements of beef cattle when they are at their peak production (Figure 1). High-quality ethanol feedstock is low in nitrogen content and high in cellulose. Management of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) for both forage and seed would improve the diversity of options livestock producers have for their stands. Before seedheads develop, forage quality is high and palat-ability good. Our objective was to evaluate how timing of the forage harvest and N applications can be used to manage switchgrass for both forage … this forage allows the producer an opportunity to diversify utilization of establishing switchgrass as biorefiner-ies are developed. Our pasture grass seed mixture will perform in extremely hot climates such as Florida as well as moderate climates such as Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Eastern Texas. Our objective was to evaluate how timing of the forage harvest and N applications can be used to manage switchgrass for both forage … In the Southeast, switchgrass is primarily used for cattle pasture, and less often cut for hay . Thus cattle weight gains are high when both pasture types are used in a rotational grazing system . 2015; 2016). Research in Tennessee has shown that, if grown exclusively for hay, 4-5 tons per acre are not uncommon. Work done on two switchgrass varieties, Cave-in-Rock and Alamo, showed that if either is harvested early enough in the year, “you can get a protein content that is 12 percent to 14 percent protein. There are two basic types of switchgrass – upland and lowland, which is considerably taller. Sat in on a presentation today by one of the Noble Foundation guys regarding switchgrass. Because it is somewhat shade-tolerant, it is an important forage of thinned-pinelands in the Southeast . When managed properly, warm-season grass hay can provide good quality forage, especially for beef cattle. Many factors influence successful forage production, but establishment of the crop is a key to profitability. Switchgrass for Forage and Bioenergy. A breakfast biscuit, compliments of Wampler’s, will be served to all participants and lunch is provided as well; however, advance reservations are required. Switchgrass is known to contain saponins under some circumstances which can cause photosensitization. Using Switchgrass as Forage While there has been a great deal of media attention on the merits of switchgrass as a biofuel feedstock, many are less familiar with the potential of switchgrass as a forage … On the other hand, when it comes to big and little bluestem, indiangrass or even switchgrass, cattle perform very well (Table 1). Ani-mals are reluctant to eat mature switchgrass and may refuse it entirely if other feed is available. After seedheads emerge, nutrient levels become low and switchgrass becomes less acceptable as pasture. It is essential to choose the appropriate crop species for the needed yield, quality, and persistence. Performs well on a wide range of soils. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and Caucasian bluestem [Bothriochloa caucasica (Trin.)C.E. Producers who are experienced at growing grasses for livestock forage will find that producing switchgrass as an ethanol feedstock necessitates a management regime unlike that utilized to produce quality forages. Defoliation management of switchgrass as a forage and bioenergy crop Switchgrass can be used as a dual-purpose crop, as forage and bioenergy feedstock. No Market Yet For Switchgrass Biomass, Hay and Forage Grower magazine, 2009 - Article on the University of Kentucky four-year-long switchgrass pilot project designed to help farmers evaluate options for planting, growing, harvesting, transporting and processing the switchgrass. Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial bunchgrass native to much of the United States. It’s one of the dominant species of the tallgrass prairie, and can grow up to six feet tall. Generally, grazing of switchgrass needs to begin before the cool-season forage is depleted or switchgrass will be too far ahead of the cattle. Every forage crop follows this same type of curve. Forages and grazing. Area: N,C,S. Switchgrass is often used as hay for cattle as they find it nutritious and palatable. That’s good quality for livestock. This workshop is led by regional manager for Southeast AgriSeeds, Paige Smart. Progressive Cattle magazine captures the essence of the cattle producer and ranching experience. Switchgrass is a tall-growing, warm-season, perennial grass that provides forage for livestock, but also excellent erosion control and food and cover for wildlife. I often hear people describe natives as “low-quality” forages. Forage species with greater nutritive value have the potential to positively affect animal responses. They found average daily growth for steers grazing switchgrass during summer was 66% higher S. witchgrass (Panicum virgatum. Switchgrass is a native, warm-season, perennial, ... BERMUDAGRASS Wrangler bermudagrass is a warm-season perennial sod-forming grass with improved cold tolerance and forage yield for the production of livestock and soil conservation practices in the transition zone of the United States. In terms of forage quality, Keyser says switchgrass can become stemmy, especially the lowland varieties, but it is readily grazed by cattle and produces summer gains of 1.5 – 2.0 lb/day on steers. Switchgrass must be grazed before seedheads develop. ... Switchgrass. Valuable as livestock forage, wildlife habitat, erosion control and biofuel source. As forage, Switchgrass provides excellent feed for livestock and other animals. Comparing beef cattle performance from grazing various warm-season grasses, Burns et al. Pasture forages for beef cattle can be roughly divided into five categories—warm-season perennials, warm-season annuals, cool-season perennials, cool-season annuals and legumes for pastures. In the case of over-mature, stemmy plants or species such as broomsedge, that is not an unreasonable statement. Switchgrass is an excellent crop for bioenergy fuel, and although it is toxic to horses, sheep, and goats, cattle have no difficulty in processing this abundant plant. 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